Industry-Specific Reforms > General Reforms

  • Make e-government a priority in order to increase the efficiency of government transactions and curb administrative corruption. Set a deadline of 2022 to complete the effort.

Industry-Specific Reforms > General Reforms

  • Several electronic platforms were created; the Egyptian Government Services Portal, a leading platform, is currently offering 75 online public services; the government plans to expand the number of online services to100. 
  • A mobile application was created providing access to more than 30 services through mobile phones. 

Industry-Specific Reforms > State Administrative Apparatus

  • Review and revamp all relevant laws, decrees, and regulations in order to reduce administrative burden and accelerate work processes.  In this regard, it is important to promptly constitute the Supreme Council for Administrative Development, which should have clear powers to address the challenges related to the legal and regulatory framework, and eliminate any existing inconsistencies, contradictions, and overlaps; this effort should be carried out in collaboration with the Central Agency for Organization, Administration and the Administrative Control Authority.

Industry-Specific Reforms > Property Registration

The process of proving and registering the right of possession of a property suffers from two problems:

  • Cumbersome, time-consuming, and bureaucratic procedures.
  • Costly process—high registration fees are paid to the Real Estate Registry and many other entities. 

Industry-Specific Reforms > Property Registration

  • Develop El-Segel El-Ainy (the Real Folio System): real estate property should be registered based on a unique number identifying the property, and the database of real estate properties should be linked with the national ID database of the Civil Registry.
  • Increase the automation budget of the Real Estate Registry; use advanced software to streamline procedures and reduce the time it takes to process the various transactions.
  • Consolidate all types of fees charged by the various entities so that clients make one single payment instead of multiple payments; make the Real Estate Registry the exclusive point of interaction with the public on matters relevant to real estate registration; and require that payments of all fees be made via electronic mechanisms.

Industry-Specific Reforms > Cybersecurity

  • Develop a framework which strikes the right balance between upholding the concept of free flow of information and data, cybersecurity, and privacy. The framework should also support cross- border flows of data and information, and the simplification of the Intellectual Property Rights processes, such as filing trademark applications.

Industry-Specific Reforms > Petroleum and Mining Industry

  • The committe that is headed by the Minister of Planning and Economic Development and includes the Minister of Local Development should continue operating to develop a clear and well thought out
  • strategy that is centered on the national needs and priorities, promotes vertical integration in the mining sector and value-added production of minerals, and takes into account the resource abundance and scarcity. In this regard, it should be recognized that the responsibility for and interest in these resources go beyond the purview of the Ministry of Petroleum or the Mineral Resources Authority), management of mineral resources is a state-wide matter, and all efforts have to be directed towards maximizing the state’s resources